changing perspective in traditional iron production in west africa

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Iron metallurgy in AfricaWikipedia

It was used for coins and currencies of varying forms. For example, kisi pennies; a traditional form of iron currency used for trading in West Africa. They are twisted iron …

West African Iron Age : FA75. (Internet resource, 2002

Societal repercussions in the rise of large-scale traditional iron production / Philip de Barros --Tradition summary: West African Iron Age / Christopher De Corse and Sarah Berry --Transition from Late Stone Age to Iron Age in the Sudano-Sahelian zone / Augustin Holl --Iron Age Gao / Timothy Insoll --Changing perspectives on traditional iron .

The archaeology of Africa : food, metals, and towns (eBook

Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.

The archaeology of Africa : food, metals and towns (Book

The archaeology of Africa : food, metals and towns. . a case study of early sedentism and food production in sub-Sahelian west Africa / James Anquandah --Intensification in the . --New evidence on early iron-smelting from southeastern Nigeria / Edwin E. Okafor --Changing perspectives on traditional iron production in west Africa / François .

Changing perceptions of West Africa's past: Archaeological

Abstract. Archaeological research since 1988 in West Africa has focused almost exclusively on the period since 10,000 B.P. Significant advances have been made in our understanding of the Late Stone Age in the Sahara and Savanna zones, the advent of metallurgy and subsequent changes in metal technology, and the comparative trajectories of complex societies in different regions.

The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals and Towns by

The Archaeology of Africa has 6 ratings and 0 reviews. Many of the authors herein are either Africans or live there. All do fieldwork there. The many ess. The Archaeology of Africa has 6 ratings and 0 reviews. Many of the authors herein are either Africans or live there. All do fieldwork there. The many ess.

The Archaeology of Africa | Food, Metals and Towns

Africa has a vibrant past. It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity

A technological and anthropological study of iron

“ Societal repercussions of the rise of traditional iron production: a west African example.” . “ Changing perspectives on tradional iron production in West Africa.” . although the infrastructure for production did change as indicated by the existence of different furnace types in the research area.

Notes

'Changing Perspectives on Traditional Iron Production in West Africa', in Thurstan Shaw et al. (eds.), The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals and Towns (One World Archaeology, 20), London: Routledge, pp. 449-58.

Kense, F. J. [WorldCat Identities]

Networks of the past : regional interaction in archaeology : proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference, the Archaeological Association of the University of Calgary by University of Calgary ( Book ) 6 editions published between 1981 and 1984 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Iron Working and the Iron Age in AfricaAfrican Studies

In the north of Africa, and in parts of the west, the areas more closely connected with Europe and Asia, the term medieval is commonly used to describe Later Iron Age periods. In southern Africa the term “iron-using” is increasingly being used in preference to the term “Iron Age.”

African Civilizations: From The Pre-Colonial to the

Though people have lived in Africa quite some time, the use of iron tools marks the . Zimbabwe, and Kongo. In West Africa, the empires of Sudan, Ghana, Mali, and Songhai all flourished. In Southern Africa, Great Zimbabwe emerged as the most . African Civilizations: From The Pre-Colonial to …

The Culture and Technology of African Iron Production

The Culture and Technology of African Iron Production. Edited by Peter R. Schmidt. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996. . Unlike the traditional paradigm that viewed technology in isolation, the new . for example, Candice L. Goucher and Eugenia W. Herbert, using the Banjeli of West Africa as a case study, discuss the place of .

Why African Metallurgy Is Important History Essay

Iron production was recognized as having a great influence over Africa in great regional variation both culturally in trade and expansion, and socially in beliefs and rituals. Evidence for the cultural significance can be seen today as it is still carried out by the present varying African cultures.

iron metallurgy in africa : définition de iron metallurgy

For example kisi pennies; a traditional form of iron currency used for trading in West Africa. They are twisted iron rods ranging from <30 cm to >2m in length. Suggestions for their uses vary from marital transactions, or simply that they were a convenient shape for transportation, melting down and reshaping into a desired object.

IRON IN AFRICA: REVISING THE HISTORYUNESCO

iron in africa: revising the history 24-06-2002 10:00 pm Paris - Africa developed its own iron industry some 5,000 years ago, according to a formidable new scientific work from UNESCO Publishing that challenges a lot of conventional thinking on the subject.

Civilization to 1500 Flashcards | Quizlet

Start studying Civilization to 1500. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. . questioned traditional beliefs and urged people to live more moral lives. . The earliest Iron Age culture in West Africa about 500 B.C.E. belonged to the.

Societal repercussions of the rise of large-scale

Numerous scholars have outlined what they believed to be the consequences of the advent of iron technology in sub-Saharan Africa: increased food production using more efficient bush clearing tools .

ReferencesJSTOR

Iron production in west Africa from seventeenth to twentieth centuries. Journal of African History, 23, 503-515. Journal of African History, 23, 503-515. Pole, L. M. (2008).

Metals in society: Iron production and its position in

Indigenous iron working has received considerable attention from Africanist archaeologists but its contribution to the evolution of political process has never attracted serious interest in southern Africa. In this article, comparative historical and archaeological data presented suggest that specialist iron working was linked with the configuration and reconfiguration of political and .

Power and Landscape in Atlantic West Africa edited by J

Power and Landscape in Atlantic West Africa Archaeological Perspectives. Get access. . Societal Repercussions of the Rise of Large-Scale Traditional Iron Production: A West African Example. African Archaeological Review 6: 91 –113. . Changing Perceptions of West Africa's Past: .

THE ROLE OF TRADITIONAL SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES

Before the colonial experience in Africa, indigenous technology was well expressed in the local systems. Remarkable technological innovations were made by pre-colonial Africans in traditional iron, wood and ivory working as well as in cloth weaving, pottery and indigenous drugs development. Most of the techniques involved

West African Archaeology: New Developments, New

capacity, the politics of iron, and the process(es) of decline of iron production in West Africa. Although increase in importation of European iron and deforestation have been suggested has major reasons for the demise of iron production in west African, Pole suggests that detail studies

African Iron Production and Iron-Working Technologies

Iron-bearing ores are much more abundant in the earth’s crust than those of copper, and in Africa, iron was recovered from these ores using the bloomery process, until the importation of European iron in the later second millennium eventually undermined local production.

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